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With the move to DevOps and Agile development practices, automation of all phases of an application’s development cycle has become essential.
Selenium is one such framework which provides significant features to integrate with most, if not all, DevOps platforms. Let’s take a look at why Selenium framework has become one of the most popular test automation frameworks for test automation.
Now with the latest changes, we have Selenium 2.0 wherein we get a Webdriver API. The WebDriver API contains a set of interfaces to discover and manipulate DOM elements on a page, and to control the behaviour of the containing browser. Apart from being a more compact and Object Oriented API, this Webdriver also overcomes some of the API issues found in Selenium-RC API.
Selenium automation testing supports all the major browsers (Safari, Opera, Chrome etc) and it can be used on Linux, Apple and Windows operating systems, making it one of the most platform agnostic automation frameworks.
Maven- build management tool, Jenkins- Continuous integration tool and Selenium-Open source test automation tool together create a robust framework. Thist allows users to build and test application in a continuous and seamless manner and test every new build, for any new environments whilst generating insightful reports.
Cucumber is a Manual tester/ Business Analyst friendly tool which supports Behaviour driven development framework. It uses Gherkin, a very ‘English-like’ language to create test scripts. Selenium with Cucumber provides advance Selenium testing features wherein the scripts (feature files) are written in Gherkin but Selenium is used to drive the browsers. The combination of these two tools offers the simplicity of Cucumber and the power of Selenium.
Appium was inspired by Selenium and created with the purpose of testing Android and iOs devices. As they say “Appium aims to automate any mobile app from any language and any test framework,with full access to back-end APIs and DBs from test code”. Selenium skills often come in handy whilst using Appium as Appium is Selenium with additional mobile capabilities. It has the same architecture based on WebDriver protocol making the adoption of Appium very easy and convenient.
Each test automation opportunity calls for a deep dive into the current infrastructure and technical and functional understanding of the application under test before the right automation framework is chosen. However, as seen above, with the versatility and flexibility Selenium offers, it often becomes one of the front contenders.
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